39 million inhabitants, of which 22 percent live in the cities. About 40 different ethnic groups, the largest being Kikuyu, Luyha, Kalenjin and Luo.
Official languages are English and Swahili. There are also some 40 local languages.
582,650 square kilometres.
After 11 years of fighting the British Empire for independence, Kenya was declared independent on 12 December 1963.
Republic with free elections every five years. The next election will take place in 2012.
CHIEF OF STATE:
President Mwai Kibaki, Party of National Unity (PNU).
USD 29 billion in 2009.
MOST IMPORTANT NATIONAL RESOURCES:
Agriculture, fishing and forestry (24 percent), transport and communications (9.8 percent).
SWEDISH AID TO KENYA 2010:
SEK 385 million.
LITERACY AMONG ADULTS:
More than 85 percent.